The Council of Europe is urging the Czech Republic to suspend its program of surgically castrating convicted sex offenders after visiting hospitals and prisons in the former Soviet Bloc nation.
Sex offenders have a choice: stay behind bars or lose some parts
The Council of Europe's anti-torture committee on Thursday demanded an immediate cessation to the practice of surgically castrating convicted sex offenders in the Czech Republic.
According to news agency AFP, in a report published following visits to two Czech psychiatric hospitals and two Czech prisons, the committee said the practice "amounts to degrading treatment."
"Surgical castration is a mutilating, irreversible intervention and cannot be considered as a medical necessity in the context of the treatment of sex offenders," it said, adding that "the intervention removes a person's ability to procreate and has serious physical and mental consequences."
The report went on to say that "given the context in which the intervention is offered, it is questionable whether consent to the option of surgical castration will always be truly free and informed."
So far 50 sex offenders have gone under the knife
The report said investigators found there could be situations where patients or prisoners "acquiesce rather than consent, believing that it is the only available option to them" to avoid indefinite confinement.
Castration in Europe
This isn't the first time the Council of Europe has spoken up about the topic; they had already expressed their concern over the program back in 2007. Additionally, the use of surgical castration has sparked an international debate on how ethical it is.
The Czech Republic is the only nation in Europe that uses surgical castration as a means to punish sex offenders. However, Britain, France and Poland have started testing chemical castration.
Prague also has a chemical castration program, and since 2000, some 300 Czech patients have undergone the procedure, with a further 50 being surgically castrated, according to government statistics.
But the committee said Prague -- which has since taken the rotating presidency of the European Union -- had provided "inexact information" on the numbers.
As conflicts force a record number of refugees to flee to Europe, local communities struggle to accommodate them. Naomi Conrad reports from Tröglitz, whose mayor was forced to resign as far-right protests grew.
Andreas Lubitz told his flight school in 2009 about previous mental health issues, Lufthansa has said. Meanwhile, French and German publications are claiming to have seen video footage from within the cabin.
Niklas was one of the strongest storms to hit Germany in recent years. It felled trees, severed rail connections and - well - caused thousands in Germany to reach for their smartphones.
Jewish teenager Anne Frank died in a Nazi concentration camp at least a month earlier than her official date of death, researchers have said. The new study traces the final years of Anne and her sister, Margot.