The rehabilitation by Pope Benedict on Saturday, Jan. 24, of a traditionalist Bishop who denies the Holocaust threatens to harm Catholic-Jewish relations and foment anti-Semitism, Jewish leaders warn.
The pope's latest move regarding a Holocaust denier has upset Jewish groups
Pope Benedict XVI Saturday revoked the 1988 excommunication of four clerics who lead a breakaway ultra-traditionalist Catholic group, the Vatican announced on Saturday.
Among them is British-born Richard Williamson, who has made a number of statements saying he does not accept the full extent of the Nazi Holocaust of Jews accepted by mainstream historians.
Last Wednesday, he told Swedish television he did not believe there were Nazi gas chamgers and that only 300,000 Jews died in concentration camps, instead of six million.
"There was not one Jew killed by the gas chambers. It was all lies, lies, lies!" he said.
German prosecutors have launched a probe against Williamson on suspicion of inciting racial hatred by the comments.
Before the excommunications were lifted, Rome's chief rabbi said Williamson's rehabilitation would open a "deep wound."
The CRIF umbrella group of French Jewish organizations called him "a despicable liar whose only goal is to revive the centuries-old hate against Jews."
Vatical Two went too far for traditionalist Catholics
Besides lifting the excommunication of Williamson, the pope on Saturday rehabilitated three other Society of Saint Pius X (SSPX) bishops who broke with Rome over Church reforms introduced in the 1960s through the Second Vatican Council.
In 1988 the group leader, Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, disobeying orders by Pope John Paul II, consecrated the four men as bishops in a move branded as schismatic by the Vatican. It led to the excommunication of Lefevbre and his four bishops.
Lefebvre died in 1991 without reconciling with the Vatican, but since his 2005 election as pope, Benedict has attempted to draw the group back into the Church, including easing restrictions on celebrating the old Latin Mass, one of the traditions held sacred by SSPX members.
The Latin Mass includes a Good Friday prayer for the conversion of Jews to Christianity.
SSPX which claims about 1 million followers worldwide, many of them in France, has criticized several moves in the Roman Catholic Church that stem from the Second Vatican Council, including reconciliation with followers of Judaism and and calls for
cooperation with other Christian denominations.
Vatican defends move
Traditionalist groups are pleased about now being able to celebrate the old-style Latin Mass
Vatican chief spokesman Father Federico Lombardi said Williamson's comments were "completely extraneous" to the lifting of the excommunications.
"(This act) has nothing to do with the personal opinions of a person, which are open to criticism, but are not pertinent to this decree," he said.
But criticism was loud from many corners, even outside of Europe.
"For any Catholic clergy to embrace the anti-Semitic Holocaust denier is obscene," said Abe Foxman, director of the Anti-Defamation League in the United States.
"It would be an insult to Catholic-Jewish relations and the memory of the millions of Jews who perished because they were Jews."
Italian authorities have said the Mediterranean's deadliest migrant boat disaster was caused by a combination of mistakes by the captain and the ship being impossibly overcrowded. Some 800 people are feared dead.
The trial of former SS officer Oskar Gröning has begun in a charged atmosphere of historical debate - and Holocaust-denial. DW’s reporter Ben Knight has witnessed the protests around the courthouse in Lüneburg.
A former Nazi has asked for forgiveness for his role in mass killings carried out at the Auschwitz concentration camp. Oskar Gröning is on trial in Germany for being an accessory to murder at the death camp.
The planned extermination of Armenians started a century ago. To remember all the voices lost, Armenian texts will be read worldwide on Tuesday. Yet recognizing the massacres as genocide remains politically contentious.