Pope Benedict surprised the world on Monday by announcing he will resign at the end of the month. The pontiff said he was too infirm to carry on.
Pope Paul VI has been beatified at a Mass in the Vatican. Although remembered widely for reaffirming the Catholic Church's ban on artificial contraception, he also left a legacy of reform.
At an event attended by former Pope Benedict and stars such as Andrea Bocelli, Pope Francis criticized the treatment of the elderly. He called upon societies to value pensioners and not simply "discard" them.
The Vatican has confirmed reports that former Pope Benedict XVI defrocked nearly 400 priests for child sex abuse in the last two years of his pontificate - a dramatic increase over previous years.
Former Pope Benedict has denied accusations that he tried to cover up sexual abuse of children by Roman Catholic priests. The denial was his first direct published comments since he stepped down in February.
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