Poland has long had problems finding reliable gas imports - particularly from suppliers in the East. Now the government is turning to the controversial method of fracking to tap shale gas reserves.
In case of showdown over Ukraine, Russia aims at replacing Europe with China to sell its huge reserves of oil and gas, but Beijing is open to energy collaboration with the Kremlin only on its own terms.
The international community is isolating Russia for annexing Crimea. But Germany is treading carefully in putting pressure on Moscow. When it comes to energy supplies, Germany is extremely vulnerable to Russia's whims.
The Crimea crisis has prompted the EU to speed up its energy strategy rethink. But the bloc is divided.
The German government and the federal states have agreed to reform the country's ambitious green energy law. What's missing in view of the Herculean task, says DW'S Jens Thurau, is a clear-cut message from Berlin.
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