Earlier this year, the opening of a kindergarten in an immigrant district of Berlin was blocked on account of the founder’s alleged ties to a radical Muslim group. Once he was replaced, the center got the green light.
The new kindergarten has to stick to the rules
In February, an application for a Muslim kindergarten landed on the desk of the education authority in the central Berlin district of Wedding, where almost 35 percent of the population has an immigrant background.
Permission was refused on the grounds that Sinan W., the head of the "Morgenland" (Orient) association behind the project, was believed to have ties to the radical Muslim group Hizb-ut-Tahrir, banned in Germany since 2003. In 2004 he allegedly published texts on the Internet containing incitement to hatred.
Although Sinan W. admitted links, he was also reported to have distanced himself from the group, saying that after studying Islamic sources, he "realized that it tried to draw young people under its spell with emotional subjects and then exploited them for sinister ends."
Authorities stipulate certain conditions
Wedding is home to a high percentage of immigrants
On April 6, the Morgenland association elected another chairman, Michael W., a relative of Sinan W., and resubmitted its application. This time, it was given the go-ahead.
"There was no reason to deny permission," said Bernhard Kempf.from the education authority. "All the formal criteria were met, including in terms of educational concept."
This included the promotion of inter-religious dialogue, gender equality, and the learning of German.
The kindergarten subsequently opened in May with 45 children in its care, including Turks, Bosnians, Arabs and Lithuanians.
However, the authorities have laid down certain conditions.
Any staff changes must be registered with the authorities, while the youth welfare office is allowed to inspect the kindergarten whenever it wishes without giving notice.
"We will be doing this," said city councillor Rainer Maria Fritsch in the daily Tagesspiegel. "If parents or staff report unusual activity at odds with the constitution, we can withdraw permission at any time."
Fulfilling a need
"They can come whenever they like," said Sinan W.'s wife in the same newspaper, adding that the kindergarten had been her idea.
"We have nothing to hide," she went on. "I used to work at another kindergarten in the same district, and Muslim mothers would often ask why there was no Muslim childcare facility in the neighborhood. They want their children to grow up with traditions, such as observing Ramadan."
Now they can. The new kindergarten observes Muslim holidays and only serves halal food. Otherwise, little sets it apart from other kindergartens in the capital.
Some have expressed skepticism
Others have their doubts, and believe that Sinan W.'s resignation as chairman of Morgenland was merely tactical.
"The abrupt change to the leadership of Morgenland was a transparent maneuver geared to securing permission," said Christian Democrat spokesperson Frank Henkel in Welt Online, adding that Sinan W. most probably still pulls the strings.
The Al-Nur mosque
Meanwhile, local radio station Info-Radio reported that the kindergarten staff were recruited via an advert posted on the website of the Al-Nur mosque in the south of Berlin, widely believed to be a meeting place for radicals. Further adverts appeared on Muslim Web sites, which, according to the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, "directly and indirectly spread anti-Zionist and anti-Israeli propaganda."
"We will be making sure that democratic standards are maintained," insisted Berhard Kempf. "If we allow them a place within our education system we can keep an eye on them. It's preferable to having extremists working undercover."
The Order of Friars Minor (OFM), the Catholic Church's most prominent brotherhood of Franciscan friars, has said dubious dealings have led the OFM into serious financial trouble. An investigation is underway.
Authorities in Belarus imposed a 30 percent fee at money exchanges to stop the citizens from buying foreign currency. Belarusians reacted with panic at the plummeting of the Russian ruble.
Shareholders have given the green light for the sale of Alstom's energy assets to US giant General Electric. Alstom's management said the move was the best solution for the future of the French company.