Iranian rapper Shahin Najafi has gone into hiding after being denounced as a heretic by religious scholars. He now lives in a secret location in Germany.
Expressing strong opinions can make enemies and French satirical newspaper "Charlie Hebdo" was no stranger to that. DW looks at other outspoken cultural figures who suffered terror or persecution for unpopular opinions.
With heavy censorship and no copyright laws, being a musician in Iran is a thankless job. But that doesn't mean there isn't a thriving scene - even if it can spell serious danger for performers.