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Iran

Iran rejects US warning over Strait of Hormuz

The Revolutionary Guards of Iran have rejected a warning from the US not to close the strategic Strait of Hormuz, saying 'our response to threats is threats.' Iran wants the West to drop the option of new sanctions.

Iranian Admiral Habibollah Sayyari

Iran's navy chief has said it is easy for Iran to close the Strait of Hormuz

Iran's Revolutionary Guards have rejected a warning from the United States not to close the strategic oil transport route, the Strait of Hormuz, saying it will protect the country's vital interests.

Brigadier General Hossein Salami, a Revolutionary Guards commander, says Iran's "response to threats is threats."

The comments come after the US said it would not tolerate any "interference with the transit of vessels" through the Strait of Hormuz.

But Iran says it will close the Strait if the US and European Union impose fresh sanctions over Tehran's suspected nuclear program.

Deputy President Mohammad Reza Rahimi said earlier this week that "not a drop of oil will pass through the Strait" if the West broadens its current sanctions.

Iran's Deputy President Mohammad Reza Rahimi

Rahimi says Iran does not want hostilities

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) says it would make up the shortfall caused by a closure, but western leaders are still anxious because more than a third of the world's ship-borne oil passes through the Strait.

January deadline

On Wednesday, the European Union had said it was still planning to impose new sanctions on Iran because of its nuclear program - and despite its threat over the Strait.

"The European Union is considering another set of sanctions against Iran and we continue to do that," a spokesman for EU foreign affairs, Michael Mann, told the AFP news agency.

He added that the decision would be taken in time for the next meeting of EU foreign ministers in Brussels on January 30.

It is the second time in three years that Iran has threatened to close the Strait.

In June 2008, the US said it would consider such a move an act of war.

The Strait links the Persian Gulf, with its petroleum exporting states of Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, to the Indian Ocean.

Iranian military during war games in the Persian Gulf

The Iranian military is still holding war games in the region

Responding to this year's threat, France has called on Iranian authorities to respect international law and navigation rights.

France's foreign ministry says the Strait of Hormuz is an international strait and "all ships, no matter what flag they fly" have the right of passage.

Matching threats

The threat to close the Strait almost matches the new sanctions being considered by the EU and US, which would target Iran's oil and financial sectors.

But EU governments are divided over whether to impose an embargo on Iranian crude oil.

In 2010, Iran was the fifth-largest exporter to the EU after Russia, Norway, Libya and Saudi Arabia. Iran relies on oil exports for about 80 percent of its public revenues.

It is hoped the sanctions would increase pressure on Iran to stop its civilian nuclear program, which the West believes is a cover for a weapons program.

Author: Zulfikar Abbany, Timothy Jones (Reuters, AFP)
Editor: Nicole Goebel

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