French ground forces are heading to northern Mali to fight Islamist rebels. A West African regional force is expected to join the conflict in the coming days, with logistical help from Germany.
With "Islamic State" (IS) fighters advancing on northern Iraq, European leaders are poised to coordinate support for Iraqi Kurds located there. France has pledged arms, while Germany has promised non-lethal military aid.
The European Union has agreed to back individual EU governments who wish to send weapons to Iraqi Kurds who are fighting against IS militants. Historically reluctant Germany surprises in providing arms abroad.
Ukraine, Syria, Gaza and Iraq are currently the world's main flashpoints. What all four conflicts have in common is the need to throw decades-old approaches overboard, writes DW's Alexander Kudascheff.
A Salafist from Saxony, now based in Syria, has called for attacks on Germany. Authorities are alarmed as more and more supporters of the jihadist "Islamic State" plan their return to Europe.
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