A study that measures integration policies has said Germany is only just above the EU average. The MIPEX study looks at migrants' opportunities to participate in society and governments' commitment to integration.
According to the third Migrant Integration Policy Index (or MIPEX), Germany is only just above the EU average when it comes to integration. The study compares the policies and structures that govern integration in 31 countries in Europe and North America.
There are about 4.3 million migrants from countries outside the European Union living in Germany, and on the whole, the study found integration policy to be "halfway favorable."
MIPEX showed Germany scored above average for labor market mobility, but far below average on equality policies and long-term residence conditions.
Germany's 'mid-table' performance
Germany's overall score in MIPEX 2010 was 57 out of 100. This placed it 12th overall, and just above the EU average score of 52.
While performing better than other European nations like France (51), Switzerland (43) and Austria (42), Germany was nowhere near the study's leader, Sweden, at 83 points.
Guido Jansen from the British Council, who helped organize MIPEX, said Germany was in a "good mid-table position," but the study highlighted deficiencies in German policy.
"The availability of legal measures against discrimination were often seen as insufficient," said Jansen. "Institutions such as non-government organizations have a weak position," he added. Most other countries aive better help to potential discrimination victims.
What is the MIPEX index?
The index is the brainchild of the Migration Policy Group, an independent think-tank based in Brussels. Thrity-seven research institutes, NGOs, universities and think-tanks worked with the offices of the British Council, the UK's international organization for education and culture, in 31 countries. Previous publications were released in 2005 and 2007.
"In contrast with other studies in this field, the MIPEX study is a really big one," said Jansen.
How do the scores work?
The overall score can be broken down into seven distinct policy fields - such as political participation, education and family reunion for third-country nationals.
The comparison is carried out based on 148 indicators derived from international legal standards such as EU directives and European Council agreements.
For example, the category concerning labor market mobility is measured using 16 indices, including how easy it is for a young person to become financially independent. Germany scored 77 for labor market mobility, which was well above average. The only criticism in this area was that Germany could recognize more foreign qualifications.
The survey criticized the introduction of German language tests for spouses living abroad and stated this "may undermine family reunions" and "discourage integration." MIPEX also found that Germany had the most restrictive conditions for long-term residence in Europe or North America.
However, the citizenship test was found to be the "most professional" and harmonized. In addition, MIPEX lauded amendments to the nationality law in 2009, which limited the period in which nationality can be revoked, due to fraud or deceit, to five years.
"A nation's integration policy changes relatively slowly," said Jansen. Changes in one policy area could drastically affect the scores in that area but would have only a minor impact on the overall score.
Author: Klaudia Prevezanos / rc, cb
Editor: Nancy Isenson
For Dortmund, the Bundesliga is about finishing as Robin to Bayern's Batman. They took one step toward achieving that goal on Sunday with a narrow victory over Freiburg. In Sunday's late match, Mainz and Hertha drew.
Stuttgart have appointed the Dutchman Huub Stevens to help in their battle to avoid the drop after sacking coach Thomas Schneider. Fans will be hoping for better times, the team having lost eight of their last nine.
EU parliament chief Schulz has called for swift action to end the Crimean crisis before a March 16 referendum. His proposal: guarantee Russia's naval bases in Crimea and put more economic pressure on Moscow to negotiate.