A new report commissioned by the EU said that Georgia started the South Ossetia conflict last summer, but also found Russia's response illegal. Both Georgia and Russia have claimed the report supports their version.
Both Georgia and Russia were blamed for the conflict in South Ossetia last summer
According to the report, carried out by Swiss diplomat Heidi Tagliavini and presented to the European Union on Wednesday, there is no evidence to support Georgia's claim that Russia had already sent troops to annex South Ossetia before Georgia began its attack on the region's capital Tskhinvali on the night of August 7/8 2008.
"There was no ongoing armed attack by Russia before the start of the Georgian operation," the report said. "There is the question of whether the use of force by Georgia in South Ossetia ... was justifiable under international law. It was not."
Russian troops are still stationed in the region's capital Tskhinvali
While the report found Russia's initial military action justified, it called into question whether the subsequent advance of Russian troops and tanks into much of central Georgia had been "necessary and proportionate". The report suggested that "the greater part of Russian military action went way beyond the boundaries of self-defence".
Retributive attacks carried out by Russia after the cease-fire had been declared were deemed "in no way justified". According to the report, the attack by Russian forces on the upper Kodori Valley - an area held by Georgia before the conflict - "constituted an illegal use of force as prohibited by ... Article 2 (4) of the United Nations Charter". The attack was backed up by troops from the breakaway region of Abkhazia.
Both sides claim moral high ground
The Russian ambassador to the EU, Vladimir Chizhov, praised the report for identifying Georgia as the original aggressor. "The report is objective for the most part in coming to the conclusion that Georgia began the aggression against South Ossetia," Chizhov said.
The military conflict lasted five days, though the ceasefire was not respected immediately
Georgia claimed that the report proved that Moscow had been preparing for armed conflict in advance. "The report is not about who started the war; the war did not start on August 7 or 8," Georgian State Minister for Re-integration Temur Iakobashvili told reporters. "The report proves that Russia was all the time preparing this war and August 7 and 8 were the culmination," he said.
While the report said that the Georgian attack on South Ossetia marked the beginning of the conflict, it conceded that the attack followed "long periods of increasing tensions, provocations and incidents". It also concludes that the threat of a new confrontation in the area "remains serious".
Editor: Michael Lawton
The war in eastern Ukraine continues to sow unrest in the European Union and NATO. Now, the focus is shifting to the tiny republic of Moldova on the EU's eastern border, and the breakaway territory of Transnistria.
A German court has closed the case against former lawmaker Sebastian Edathy after he admitted to viewing child porn, in return for a fine paid to the Child Protection Agency. The agency doesn't agree with the ruling.
A short statement, a brief confession - but there was no punishment for Sebastian Edathy. Legally, it may have been sound. But an unpleasant aftertaste remains, says DW's Jens Thurau.
Anne Frank, the young girl who kept a journal about hiding from the Nazis, captured hearts all over the world - an in Japan in particular. Seventy years after the war, she remains a touchstone for young Japanese.