More than ever, the German public's distaste for military intervention abroad is shaping policy.
Violent conflicts are spreading throughout the Middle East. Germany is working with Egypt, supporting Saudi Arabia and delivering weapons to the peshmerga - but the government opposition in Berlin is critical.
Authorities in Germany are expecting more than 400,000 applications for asylum this year. The figure includes economic refugees from the Balkans as well as migrants fleeing conflict in Africa and the Middle East.
Foreign and security policy often get short shrift in the EU. When faced with a looming crisis, Europe looks away until it's too late - leaving consequences that affect all member states, says DW's Barbara Wesel.
Chancellor Angela Merkel and leaders of Germany's states have agreed upon faster processing of refugee's applications for asylum. More migration officers will be appointed, but plans are still too hazy at the moment.