Germans are spending more on Christmas presents this year than ever before. That's cheery news not only for German retailers, but also for the EU Commission and the United States.
Books, toys and clothing are the most common items Germans will be putting beneath the Christmas tree this year. And when it comes to their loved ones, there'll be no scrimping. According to a study by the Society for Consumer Research (GfK), Germans intend to spend around 288 euro ($392) on their Christmas presents in 2013. That's three euros more than in the previous year.
More than 80 billion euros in Christmas sales
Retailers can also sense consumers' confidence, and are happy with sales figures from the first days of December. The Retail Association is expecting sales of more than 80 billion euros from Christmas shopping in November and December. That's higher than ever before, and an increase of 1.2 percent over 2012. There are several reasons why money is being spent more freely this Christmas season.
"The general conditions are right for good Christmas sales," said Stefan Hertel from the Trade Association Germany. The employment rate is high, and the economic situation is stable. "People have security and money. And that's why they enjoy treating themselves or their loved ones."
Low interest rates are one of the reasons why consumers are willing to spend more, said Rolf Bürkl, a market researcher at the GfK. He said there is also another reason Germans are so generous during Christmas, "Many employees get a salary for a 13th month, which they'll gladly invest in Christmas presents."
The Christmas season is seeing a boost in domestic demand, and that's not surprising - German consumer sentiment in the last few months has already reached levels not seen for six years, according to the GfK. With Germans ready to consume more, more will be imported.
Shopping in the face of critics
The United States and the European Commission should also find this news pleasing. In recent weeks Germany has faced criticism because the country's exports exceed imports - this year by around 92.4 billion euros. Strong German exports are endangering the stability of the global economy, and it's something US President Barack Obama and others have blamed on Germany.
The European Commission is looking into whether the export surplus represents an economic imbalance and therefore a problem for the whole eurozone. In the worst case, Germany could face sanctions of up to 2.5 billion euros.
But a good Christmas season isn't enough to strengthen German imports in the long term, said Jürgen Matthes from the Institute of German Economy. "It depends primarily on attracting investment next year, and there's a need for economic policy to set clear signals."
Clear signals in policy probably won't emerge until after the Christmas period. Until then, retailers can sit back and enjoy the Germans' buying power. After all, the biggest sales are yet to come. City centers and shopping malls will only get busier as Christmas approaches, because most Germans end up buying their presents - books, toys and clothing - just before Christmas Eve.
US Secretary of State John Kerry has called on Russia to change course on the unrest in eastern Ukraine. His comments followed Russia's announcement that it would resume military exercises near the border.
On World Book Day, Catalonians exchange roses and books. But it's also become a time to take sides on Catalonia's bid to secede from Spain - a referendum may take place in November, despite being unconstitutional.
Benfica and Sevilla have both taken steps towards qualifying for the final of the Europa League with victories in their first leg matches. However, neither has an unassailable advantage.