More and more people are reading e-books - most of them on the train or the bus. But few readers realize that e-book providers know more about them than they think.
As André K. sits on the morning train, on his way to work, he's engrossed in what he's reading. The 28-year-old is reading from his e-book - an electronic bookshelf he can take with him wherever he goes. Thousands of books can be saved to the reader which weighs as much as a thin paperback and is just as big.
"You go in, click on it and you are on the page you last read. Instead of turning pages and searching," André said.
He also appreciates that e-books allow you to look up words or translate entire passages.
André is part of a growing trend. A University of Hamburg study found one in four Germans owns an e-book. In the first six months of this year, Germans bought and downloaded nearly 4.6 million electronic books. That's as many as for the whole of 2011.
The glass reader?
E-book readers like Kindle, Kobo and the Sony Reader are made exclusively for electronic books. But people can also use conventional computers, laptops or smartphones and tablet computers to read e-books.
E-books have many benefits, but they also come with risks, said Thilo Weichert, data protection commissioner for the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein. Suppliers get a detailed insight into the reading habits of their customers because of a synchronization feature built into their reading programs, he said.
"It is really fascinating for Amazon and other e-book providers to find out who I am and what interests me,” Weichert said. “How I read, how fast, where I take notes and the reading habits I have. Everything that one can derive, at least indirectly, from the user."
What they know
The University of Hamburg study showed that an average reader needed only seven hours to read the last book in Suzanne Collins' “The Hunger Games” trilogy on a Kobo e-reader. That’s 57 pages per hour.
Another example is what readers highlight: "In a society with true equality of opportunity, those of 'lower' social status have only themselves to blame," was the most marked line in the electronic version of Thilo Sarrazin's controversial book, "Deutschland schafft sich ab" (Germany Does Away with Itself).
Erotica easier to purchase
Erotic bestseller's like "Shades of Grey" are exceptionally successful e-books. Twice as many digital versions as print editions have been sold. But readers, who may feel unnoticed when reading an erotic novel in public on an e-book reader, are still being tracked by providers.
The extent to which reading habits are being collected, analyzed and marketed in Germany is largely unknown, Weichert said.
"We just know that it's being done," he said. "We also know what the potential for it is. It's certain that the US does it, because their data protection laws do not prevent it."
New challenges for publishers, authors and readers
It is possible that someone who downloads a lot of literature on terrorism and has an interest in Arab writers could have problems entering the United States.
Does the e-book monitor its readers? In the US, at any rate, e-book providers are able to share their insights with publishers and authors. This makes it easier for them to find buyers.
E-books are surely doing more than just gripping their readers with good stories. They are also providing publishers, authors and readers alike with new challenges.
One pilot has been killed and another seriously injured, after a Virgin Galactic passenger spaceship crashed in southern California. The company has described the cause of the accident as a "serious anomaly."
The hashtag #BeenRapedNeverReported has been among the top five trending topics in Canada and the US on Friday, with more than 400 tweets per hour. Rape survivors are using social media to share their stories.
China and Russia have blocked an agreement to protect key areas of the Antarctic Ocean. Conservationists blame commercial interests and political tensions.
The populations of salamanders in Europe have collapsed recently. Now researchers are certain that a fungus is responsible. The problem could become global. Salamanders, our #speciesoftheweek