Europe's biggest parliamentary body has urged its 47 member states to "firmly oppose" the teaching of creationism as a scientific discipline in schools. Not all think it's the best way to deal with the issue.
The resolution, entitled "The dangers of creationism in education," was adopted in a vote on Thursday, Oct. 4, during a plenary session of the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly (PACE). While 48 members approved the document, 25 voted against it.
Based on a report on attempts to have creationism taught in science classes in Europe, the resolution's "aim is to warn against certain tendencies to pass off a belief as science … the Parliamentary Assembly is worried about the possible ill-effect of the spread of creationist ideas within our education systems and about the consequences for our democracies. If we are not careful, creationism could become a threat to human rights."
The document also urges member states to "defend and promote scientific knowledge" in schools and oppose attempts to place creationism on equal footing with Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, the basis of modern biology.
While creationism, which says that God created the world in six days, has been mainly propagated by Christians in the United States, the PACE report was initiated after a Turkish Muslim publishing group sent an Islamic creationist book to schools in several countries, Reuters news service reported.
The PACE report, however, cites cases of attempts to introduce creationism to science classes in several European countries, including Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
In Germany, the culture minister of the central state of Hesse, Karin Wolff, a member of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) of Chancellor Angela Merkel, recently made headlines when she suggested that the biblical concept of creation should be discussed during biology classes. She had, however, warned that the text should not be taken literally, according to reports.
The PACE report had already been up for a vote earlier this year, but was sent back for reworking after several conservative parliamentarians had complained about it.
German CDU parliamentarian Axel Fischer, who voted against the resolution on Thursday, said that he felt that the resolution had been sloppy and included a "negative undertone against churches."
"I missed a justification for why creationism is a threat to human rights," he told DW-WORLD.DE, adding that he thought it was wrong to ban certain things from schools from the outset.
"I'd rather discuss the strengths and weaknesses of something and leave it up to people to decide what they believe," said Fischer, a mechanical engineer by trade.
While saying that the theory of evolution explained a lot, but was unproven, he added that he was in favor of Germany's system of teaching the story of creation in religion classes and the theory of evolution in science classes.
Respecting religion separate from science
Supporters of the resolution on the other hand said that it was not meant as an attack on religious beliefs.
"There are different views of the creation of the world and we respect that," Anne Brasseur, a liberal parliamentarian from Luxembourg, who presented the report, recently told Reuters. "The message we wanted to send was to avoid creationism passing itself off as science and being taught as science. That's where the danger lies."
The resolution is not binding for member states, but PACE decisions carry some weight, as the body is made up of parliamentarians from the national assemblies of member states.
Germany's business-oriented Free Democratic Party (FDP) is technically still in government, but to all intents and purposes the party is dead. The question now is whether its new leader, Christian Lindner, can revive it.
Tens of thousands of people have again demonstrated in Kyiv to demand the resignation of the country’s president. Some also toppled a statue of Vladimir Lenin in the Ukrainian capital.
The new leader of Germany's Free Democrats (FDP), Christian Lindner, has called for the party to rethink its political role. He also condemned Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives for "breaking their word."
Italian film "La Grande Bellezza" (The Great Beauty) has claimed four European Film Awards, including best film and a best actor award for Toni Servillo. This year's ceremony was held in Berlin.