Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi steps down as EU Council president Wednesday. He is likely to be remembered longer than his predecessors: Not for scarce political successes but rather his flamboyant personality.
European Union officials had mixed feelings last July when Berlusconi took over the EU Council presidency, an agenda setting role that rotates among member states every six months. As a multi-billionaire media mogul, Berlusconi controls most of Italy’s television and has frequently been known to push for legislation to serve his personal needs.
While managing to evade charges of forging balance sheets, illegal campaign financing, tax fraud and bribing, he called Italian judges “red robes” and accused them of planning to overthrow his government.
A Nazi comparison for starters
“Mr. Schulz, I know there is in Italy a man producing a film on the Nazi concentration camps," he said. "I’d like to suggest you for the role of guard. You’d be perfect."
The two men later exchanged apologies, but it was difficult navigation for the Italian presidency from then on. For one, German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder was annoyed at Berlusconi and lost no opportunity to make his thoughts known.
“In both content and form this (Nazi) comparison is a derailment,” he said in Germany’s parliament, the Bundestag, and demanded an apology from his Italian counterpart.
Soon thereafter, Italy’s tourism minister insulted German holidaymakers in Italy and Schröder responded by cancelling his own Tuscan holiday, boosting his popularity ratings at home.
Failing to broker a new EU constitution
In terms of his work at the helm of the EU, Berlusconi's presidency was overshadowed by the failure to negotiate an EU constitution. Many delegations in Brussels said that Berlusconi’s chaotic management during the talks contributed considerably to the summit’s falling apart.
Berlusconi on the other hand didn’t consider the summit a complete failure.
“We have actually reached agreement on 82 contentious points where it seemed almost ruled out,” he said. “So in that sense the conference did have a positive outcome.” Diplomats who took part in the negotiations dispute this.
A glorious presidency?
Right after the summit, the Italian president declared his presidency to have been one of the most glorious of recent years.
EU Commission President Roman Prodi, left, and Berlusconi during negotiations for a new EU consititution.
The most important initiative during the last half a year was the economic program called "Quickstart" which is designed to push a number of infrastructure projects costing billions, Prodi said.
Berlusconi lists as a success the establishment of a European border protection agency and the distribution of new European authorities to ten member states. He satisfied a personal wish by fetching the agency for food safety to Parma. His argument was that there are so many good restaurants in the town famous for its seasoned, salt-cured and air-dried hams.
The Italians didn’t facilitate progress on another major matter: EU member states still can’t agree on a structured immigration and refugee policy. Despite his earlier confrontation with Berlusconi, Germany’s Martin Schulz stirred things up again in July when he had accused the Italian of preventing the introduction of a Europe-wide arrest warrant out of his own interest. And now, six months later, nothing had happened yet on that.
“Regretfully, I have to say that you not only didn’t do your homework, but you’ve failed totally,” Schulz said.
That time Berlusconi said nothing.
Angela Merkel has told Vladimir Putin that a referendum on Crimea would violate international law. The Crimean parliament's decision to vote on joining the Russian Federation has only worsened the diplomatic stalemate.
EU parliament chief Schulz has called for swift action to end the Crimean crisis before a March 16 referendum. His proposal: guarantee Russia's naval bases in Crimea and put more economic pressure on Moscow to negotiate.
Japanese media say the nation's fisheries agency has decided to boost protection for juvenile bluefin tuna by halving Japan's northern Pacific catch. Studies show a dramatic decline in tuna prized by eaters of sushi.
The 28th edition of the South by Southwest (SXSW) festival is now underway, drawing tech, music and film innovators and fans from around the world to Texas. Edward Snowden and Neil Young are set to be event highlights.