In talks with his Qatari counterpart, German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle called for an end to the civil unrest and the violent military crackdown.
As the situation in Egypt remains unstable, fears of a domino-effect are growing. The Islamist government in Tunis is under pressure. Germany says it wants to support democracy in Tunisia with a development partnership.
German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle has called for a return to democracy during a trip to Cairo, but did not directly condemn the coup. Berlin's influence in Egypt remains limited.
Fighters from a Libyan offshoot of the terrorist "Islamic State" militia murdered 21 Egyptian hostages. There's a danger of instable Libya becoming a new IS-stronghold, terrorism expert Guido Steinberg warns.
A military coup in Egypt, assassinations in Tunisia, civil war in Syria: The Middle East saw heavy power struggles this year. DW reviews key developments in countries still grappling with the effects of the Arab Spring.