In talks with his Qatari counterpart, German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle called for an end to the civil unrest and the violent military crackdown.
Fighters from a Libyan offshoot of the terrorist "Islamic State" militia murdered 21 Egyptian hostages. There's a danger of instable Libya becoming a new IS-stronghold, terrorism expert Guido Steinberg warns.
As the situation in Egypt remains unstable, fears of a domino-effect are growing. The Islamist government in Tunis is under pressure. Germany says it wants to support democracy in Tunisia with a development partnership.
German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle has called for a return to democracy during a trip to Cairo, but did not directly condemn the coup. Berlin's influence in Egypt remains limited.
A military coup in Egypt, assassinations in Tunisia, civil war in Syria: The Middle East saw heavy power struggles this year. DW reviews key developments in countries still grappling with the effects of the Arab Spring.