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Europe

Barroso Appointed EU Commission President

European Union leaders officially named Portuguese Prime Minister Durao Barroso as the next European Commission president at a special summit in Brussels.

It's official

Barroso's appointment ends weeks of deadlock, haggling, and rumors about who would succeed outgoing Commission President Romano Prodi. The 48-year-old conservative lawyer was picked after nearly a dozen other candidates were rejected. His nomination took only minutes, as he had the unanimous backing of his 24 fellow leaders.

But reaching that level of consensus wasn't easy. Horse-trading over who would take the top EU job intensified after EU leaders failed to agree on a candidate at their last summit in mid-June. Analysts say Barroso's first task will be to dispel the notion that he is the "lowest common denominator" -- chosen only because the heads of government couldn't agree on anyone else.

German support

Over the weekend, it became clear that EU leaders were beginning to rally round Barroso. Germany had originally backed Belgian Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt for the post, but Britain blocked this choice, partly because Verhofstadt was considered too critical of U.S. foreign policy. On Sunday, Chancellor Gerhard Schröder stressed that Barroso could count on his support, and said he saw a "convinced and dynamic" European in the Portuguese leader.

"I don't go back on the fact that I was for Guy Verhofstadt. But I think that Europe is always about finding compromises," Schröder told reporters at a NATO summit in Istanbul.

French President Jacques Chirac also had praise for Barroso, in part, because of his nationality. Barroso will be the Commission's first Portuguese president. After the eastward expansion of the EU, Chirac said it would be good to remember that the bloc also has a south.

Tough challenges ahead

The European Parliament still has to approve Barroso's appointment in a vote to be held on July 21 or 22, after he outlines his policies. Speaking earlier on Portuguese television, Barroso vowed to make the EU "stronger, even more cohesive and just, and more intervening on the international scene."

Headquarters of the European Commission

Among the key challenges facing Barroso is a revision of the bloc's budget rules. Last year, finance ministers suspended the rulebook -- which stipulates that member countries must not have a budget deficit of more than 3 percent of GDP -- after France and Germany repeatedly breached the deficit limits.

The Commission also has to ensure that the 10 mainly eastern European nations that joined the bloc in May integrate properly, and prepare for the next wave of EU enlargement that could see countries in the Balkans and southeastern Europe join the family.

In addition to nominating Barroso, EU leaders also reappointed foreign policy high representative Javier Solana of Spain for another five-year term and designated him as the EU's future first foreign minister.

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